Carnelian (or Sard) is a chalcedony (quartz) variety in yellow-orange color. This gemstone obtains its color from the impurities of oxide and iron hydroxide. It is derived from the Latin word “caro” meaning flesh due to its color. Carnelian deposits are located in India, Sri Lanka, Brazil and Uruguay.
Pearlsare lustrous and hard organic gems formed within mollusks, mainly in shells, around an original core, which can be either a parasite or a grain of sand. These foreign particles are then coated with layers of calcium carbonate. Pearls are thought to ward off negativism and clarify emotions. In the Apocalypse of John, pearls adorn the gates of the New Jerusalem.